Automation testing framework: Benefits, disadvantages, common types, and top open-source frameworks

In today’s technology marketplace, people demand more from their products and services. Add to the list the preference to have these features immediately available, and you begin to wonder how companies find time to make any product appealing. The titans of technology development and test software at a rapid pace to thrive in this marketplace. To do so, they leverage the automation testing framework.

All in all, this is an essential part of any successful automatic testing process. They can reduce maintenance costs and testing efforts and will provide a higher return on investment (ROI) for QA teams looking to optimize their agile processes. So now, we – ArrowHiTech would like to introduce to you guys the complete guide of automation testing framework both advantages and disadvantages of automation testing, and the top best ones for your project.

But first, let’s go to the definition.

What is the automation testing framework?

The automation framework is not a single tool or process, but it is a collection of tools and processes working together to support automated testing of any application. This is helpful when you need to execute the same test scripts multiple times with different builds to examine the application and validate output. It is better to avoid automated testing for functionality. The fact that you used only once since building automation script itself is time-consuming.

Some benefits of the automation testing framework

Utilizing for automation testing framework will increase a team’s test speed and efficiency, improve test accuracy, and will reduce test maintenance costs as well as lower risks. They are essential to an efficient automated testing process for a few key reasons that we would like to mention below:  

Benefits of automation testing framework
Benefits of automation framework
  • Lower cost of maintenance: Reusable automated tests have a lower cost of maintenance. More maintainable and reusable automated tests help meet budget demands and achieve the rapid software release schedules of modern software development.
  • No manual intervention: There are exceptions where temporary manual intervention is acceptable, but according to recent research, this should not be the norm when you have the appropriate framework in place. 
  • Reusable tests: Properly designed test automation frameworks deliver routinely stable automated tests that are easier to maintain and reusable.
  • Transparent reporting: The term of right reporting, which is described as clear, unambiguous, and targeted reporting towards the right audience. 

Some disadvantages of automation testing

Automation testing framework, when done correctly can have many advantages and be very beneficial to the project and organization. However, there are disadvantages of automation testing that we need to be aware of.

  • The first in the disadvantages of automation testing is a false sense of quality. All automated checks in a test suite can happily pass, but there could be major flaws undetected. The reason for this is because the automatic check was not coded to “look” for those failures.
  • The second one in the disadvantages of automation testing is not reliable. Automated checks can fail due to many factors. If automated checks keep failing due to issues other than genuine bugs, they can raise false alarms.
  • The third one in the disadvantages of automation testing is not many bugs found. Automated regression checks on the other hand, always follow a given path. This reduces the chance of finding new defects in the application.
  • The final disadvantage in the disadvantages of automation testing is maintenance time and effort. Automatic checks are short-term. If you don’t update the regression packs, you start seeing all kinds of failures.

The common types of automation testing framework

Apparently, there are 6 types of automation testing framework, each with their own architecture and different benefits and disadvantages. When building out a test plan, it’s important to choose the framework that is right for you. So, you need to choose wisely one of the six below:

  • Linear Automation Framework: In this process, the tester records each step such as navigation, user input, or checkpoints, and then plays the script back automatically to conduct the test.
  • Modular Based Testing Framework: In this Framework, the tester can create test scripts module wise by breaking down the whole application into smaller modules as per the client requirements and create test scripts individually.
  • Behavior Driven Development Framework: This is to create a platform, which allows every person to participate actively. It also increases collaboration between the tester and the developers on your project.
  • Data-Driven Framework: This will allow the tester to store and pass the input/output parameters to test scripts from an external data source.
  • Keyword-Driven Framework: The framework requires the development of data tables and keywords. It is independent of the test automation tool used to execute them.
  • Hybrid Testing Framework: a combination of any of the previously mentioned frameworks set up to leverage the advantages of some and mitigate the weaknesses of others.

Top open-source frameworks that you should know

#1. Serenity

Serenity acts as a wrapper on top of Selenium WebDriver and BDD tools. It makes writing BDD and Selenium tests easier. This is because it abstracts away much of the boilerplate code you sometimes need to write to get started. It also lets you keep your test scenarios at a high level while accommodating lower-level implementation details in your reports. This is probably one great automation testing framework that you guys should check it out.

#2. Robot Automation Testing Framework

If you want to use Python for test automation, you can’t go wrong with the Robot Framework. It includes a lot of tests that you guys can use. The keyword approach used by Robot Framework is great for testers who are already familiar with other vendor-based, keyword-driven test tools, making the transition to open source much easier for them. If your team is mostly made up of testers, Robot Framework is a great option.


TestProject’s framework was created to allow more testers and organizations to benefit from the two primary open-source tools for automation: Selenium and Appium. What’s unique about TestProject is the add-ons. This allows testers around the globe to use functionality that other testers are sharing in TestProject. Think of them as automation testing framework building blocks that can be reused by others.

#4. Galen Automation Testing Framework

If your automation efforts are focused on user experience design (UX) or layout testing, Galen Framework might be a perfect fit for your needs. It also lets you specify your browser size, then run tests against your application to verify layout specifications. Galen’s tests also generate detailed HTML reports with screenshots. Also, the tool includes a visual image comparison with a cool heat map feature.

#5. OpenTest

If you look at the architecture of OpenTest, you’ll find that there are very few test automation scenarios that are not supported. As long as a device can run Java, that device can be used as part of your distributed test. Especially, this framework requires no coding skills. So if cross-platform automation is vital to your team, then OpenTest might be a framework you’ll want to try out.

Final words

That should probably be it! Here is the complete guide on the automation testing framework about both advantages and disadvantages of automation testing. Besides that, we also show and the top open-source framework that you might want to try it out. After all, you can choose the framework as per your project requirements, team expertise, time as well as budget. By adopting the framework, you can ensure maximum test coverage in your development process. Are you clear about all the information above?

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