Java framework: 20 most popular and useful frameworks you should study

java framework

Which frameworks does the majority of large businesses use? The answer is Java Framework. As Java is currently the 3rd popular programming language, it also offers powerful framework that can develop successful software applications.

Framework consists of defined functions, class and so. In other words, it is super important in creating a solid foundation for your app and will minimize the need for coding. Effective Java framework means Functional application, right?

If you want to know about the top 15 PHP frameworks as well, check out this article right now!

ArrowHiTech committed experts has gathered the top 20 popular java frameworks for 2020 that you cannot miss! Let’s check them out:

1. Google web toolkit

Needless to say, this Java Framework is the first one in popular java frameworks list. It was developed by Google in 2006. GWT is used for such complex browser apps operated on Linux, Windows, OS X and FreeBSD. Some popular products of GWT are Google Wallet, Blogger, AdSense and Adwords.

java framework gwt
  • GWT allows client-side Java code and its deployment
  • Stable and well-maintained
  • Deliver complex mobile and browser-based apps without much experts’ help
  • Advanced features: internationalization, UI abstraction, cross-browser portability, bookmarking and so.

2. Blade Framework

Coming to the next one in popular java frameworks list, we want to mention is Blade Framework. As its name suggests, Blade offers high speed app performance with lightweight resources (only less than 500kb in total). It follows the MVC software design pattern and does not depend on other libraries.

java framework blade
  • Simple application framework
  • Easy data synchronization with websites
  • Access to RESTful routing interface
  • Built-in security features such as CSRF and XSS defense

3. JSF – Java Server Faces

JSF is one of the popular java frameworks you should take a look at. This is a component-based UI framework, developed by Oracle in 2004. Thus, JSF is a very stable Java framework that also uses MVC software design pattern.

java framework jsf
  • Use reusable components to build UI
  • Manage and connect components to data sources
  • Bind events on server side

4. Hibernate

Besides other popular java frameworks, we should not miss Hibernate. It was developed in 2001, roughly 10 years ago. Besides its being stable, Hibernate is known for creating better communication between Java and RDBMS.

java framework hibernate
  • Free usage
  • Overcomes the Java mismatch issue with persistence
  • Support NoSQL data
  • Awesome developer tools: mapping editor, data reverse, or Hibernate console

5. Spring Framework

Spring is probably one of popular java frameworks at the moment. Since 2002, it has a huge ecosystem developed by a very active community. Spring AOP or Spring core are its modules to function an app. After all, Enterprise Java and Web app development love using Spring Framework.

java framework spring
  • Build all-sized Java apps, web and micro services.
  • Create coupled modules via IoC (inversion of control)
  • Steep learning curve due to broad framework
  • Provide full-scale application with an all-inclusive model
  • Can integrate with Kotlin and Groovy on Java Virtual Machine

6. Struts

Struts seems to be the “oldest” one in this popular java frameworks here. Built in 2000 by Apache software, Struts is still used by so many businesses and firms as a full-featured Java web app framework.

java framework struts
  • Create complex and heavy Java apps
  • Ability to extend the framework to match different purposes
  • Ability to integrate with other Java frameworks namely Spring plugins and Hibernate plugins
  • Not really suitable for front-end server-side components

7. Wicket

All developers know that Wicket is one of the best and most popular java frameworks for the web. It is an open-source and server-side one and uses HTML templates. Wicket is suitable for elegant and user-friendly apps.

java framework wicket
  • Reusable pages and components (buttons, images, links, etc.) for apps
  • Addition of custom CSS and JavaScript
  • Ability to internationalize apps, pages and components
  • URL security handling

8. Play

Among lots of the popular java frameworks, Play is the name we have to consider. This is developed by Lightbend, Zengularity and the community in 2007. It is widely used among huge, well-known cooperations namely Samsung, Walmart, The Guardian, LinkedIn and so on. This Java framework is perfect for lightweight and web-friendly Java apps. Another unique characteristics of Play is that Play is more similar to scripting languages like PHP, Python.

  • Powerful features for better productivity like hot code reloading, error messages and convention over configuration
  • Receive flexible and failure-tolerant results by a modern architecture

9. Grails Framework

The next one you should not miss in the popular frameworks in java is Grails. It is a Java Framework that built on Groovy JVM language. It is very user-friendly and can surely boost the developer productivity, especially for content management systems and eCommerce websites

  • Reasonable defaults and convention over configuration
  • Opinionated APIs
  • Powerful features such as Compile-time meta-programming, domain-specific languages and async-programming.

10. Vaadin

Vaadin is another Java framework in this list of popular java frameworks. It comes with a focus on UX accessibility and mobile. It is mostly used for dynamic and complicated web-based (or internet-based) apps. Vaadin provides an user-friendly interface to both developers and clients.

  • Vaadin automatically follows the newest web and accessibility standard.
  • Integrate with other (front-end) frameworks namely React, Angular and Vue.
  • Vaadin Flow offers a higher level Java API for technical management

11. PrimeFaces

PrimeFaces is created for lightweight user-interface JSF and Java EE apps. MNCs, educational institutes and government regularly go for this Java framework.

  • No configuration requirements
  • Rich sets of over 100 components, built-in framework and pre-designed layouts & themes
  • 500+ theme variables and font icons

12. Vert.x Framework

Vert.x is one of the popular java frameworks that runs on JVM – Java Virtual Machine. There are many programming languages for this framework namely Java Groovy, Ceylon, JavaScript, Kotlin, etc. For light, smooth, scalable microservices, choose Vert.x.

  • It is polyglot, which enables you to write valid codes in multiple languages.
  • Can handle concurrencies with minimal resources
  • Extremely lightweight (its core framework: 650kb)

13. Maven

Maven is a framework that belongs to this popular java frameworks list. It is based on software management and is known as a comprehension tool.

  • Superb dependency management consists of automatic updating and dependencies closures.
  • Distribution publication
  • Model based builds (JAR, WAR,…)

14. JHipster

Among the sea of popular java frameworks, we have to say to JHipster. It is first released in 2013. Despite being relatively new, this framework can bring Spring Boot and Angular&React – 2 most popular front-end frameworks – combined in just one generator. For this reason, Adobe, Bosch, HBO and even Google loves using JHipster.

  • Minimal configuration
  • 2 options on architectural styles
  • Integration with several tools for server-side coding

15. MyBatis Framework

This framework offers persistent features for better and easier SQL management. Similar to other popular java frameworks, MyBatis also helps to advance communication between database and app layers.

  • Simplified JDBC process
  • Access to SQL execution
  • Fix the issues from different architecture

16. DropWizard

DropWizard provides production-ready RESTful web solutions. Moreover, it is extremely suitable for creating Java micro services.

  • Popular Java libraries namely Logback, Google Guava, Jetty server, Hibernate …
  • Ability to build RESTful web services and Jackson to process JSON
  • Less time on configuration, metrics and logging codes

17. Angular

Needless to say, Angular is one of the most popular java frameworks and offers optimal services. To learn more about this amazing framework, check out another useful article of ours:

18. Tapestry

Tapestry is another Java framework that bear great resemblance to Wicker and Java server. It is suitable for highly scalable apps.

  • Effective reusable components
  • Access to the Java ecosystem just from the framework
  • Built-in utilities for TDD
  • Powerful tools such as client-side caching, concurrent thread support, JS compression, etc

19. Spark Framework

This is another micro Java framework and is written by Java and Kotlin programming languages. For web apps, micro services and REST APIs, you should check out Spark.

  • Customizable app structure
  • Minimal code base and configuration
  • Ability to power high-traffic web apps for 10,000+ clients a day

20. Apache Ant

It is mainly used to build and test Java-based apps.

  • Wide range of Java library and command-line tools
  • Built-in tasks such as compile, assemble, test and run Java apps.
  • No coding conventions or directory layouts

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That is the end of today’s topic. ArrowHiTech hopes that you can now see the strengths of top 20 Java Framework to decide for yourself. If you want to read more, don’t hesitate to visit our Java Development Services! Finally, as always, we wish you the best of good luck and success!

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