Magento security patches: Definition & how to install and apply them?

I. What are Magento Security Patches?

A Magento security patch is a software update that addresses issues and the newest release. It focuses on correcting major bugs or adding new functionalities to your old version of the software. In general, it is created to improve the store’s overall performance and ensure the website’s security.

How to Install Magento Security Patches

Installing security-related fixes as soon as they become available. Generally, every few months is suggested in addition to upgrading your store to the latest Magento version. As a result, your Magento website will be protected from vulnerabilities that could result in minor to major database losses.

In order to acquire the latest patches, security upgrades, and best practices for your Magento website, go to Magento’s official Security Center.

II. What makes Magento Patches so Important?

magento security patches attention

The most noticeable are security fixes or security patches, which serve to secure your software application from prospective attackers by addressing security vulnerabilities. When security patch files for your software application are released, you have to install them as soon as possible.

These security updates should only be installed from a reliable and official source, as patches from other sources could be hazardous.

Because they do not create any system errors or crashes, dynamic software development updates can be installed even while your application is running.

III. How can you check if your Magento store is secure or not?

magento security patches

Magento Community has come up with new tools that allow you to check for security issues in your store and whether or not you have deployed all of the patches.

Using these tools can be both beneficial and harmful. These tools are easy to use; however, the owner cannot use them only. Potential attackers might examine if the Magento online store has security vulnerabilities or not. If there is, they will be able to take control of the unprotected online store. As a result, all patches must be applied as soon as they are available in order to address important security concerns and keep your online store safe from hackers.

IV. New Updates for Magento Patch Releases

magento patches update

Previously, hackers could employ unverified users to activate harmful payloads and execute them in online web stores. And now, the Magento Community has issued security updates for Magento Commerce v2.3.1 and Page Builder to its users.

Magento advises merchants to take the following steps as soon as possible to avert attacks:

Merchants that are running Magento 2.3.1:

  • Install the MDVA-22979_EE_2.3.1_v1 patch, and then schedule your store to upgrade to 2.3.3 or 2.3.2-p2 as soon as possible.
  • Look out for any signs of malicious activities.

Merchants that are running Magento 2.3.2:

  • Install the MDVA-22979_EE_2.3.2_v1 patch, and then schedule your store to upgrade to 2.3.3 or 2.3.2-p2 as soon as possible.
  • To check for malicious activities, you need to review your store daily.

V. How to install Magento security patches

First of all, Magento patches are not installed automatically after Magento releases them; you must manually install them. Regardless, you’ll be notified via your Magento Admin Inbox once a patch is available. The incoming notice is colour-coded red and labelled as a “Critical Update” if a deployed patch addresses critical vulnerabilities with high risks.

Furthermore, in order to apply a patch script, you’ll need access to your server’s CLI. Applying a patch script by someone who isn’t familiar with Magento can break the site. Thus it’s preferable to leave it to developers or system administrators who are familiar with the platform. Though running a patch script on a non-production environment of your website would be the best practice.

installing magento security patches

Then, before moving the code to your production server, double check that the changes have been deployed correctly. Taking back up your files and databases before applying the patch if you are working on a production server.

In the Magento Admin panel, Select ‘System’ > ‘Tools’ > ‘Backup’, choose ‘System Backup’, then click ‘OK.’

If your Magento 1 store uses compilation and you haven’t yet migrated to Magento 2, you need to disable compilation for the patching procedure. Remember to turn it back on after finishing.

Suppose you wish to improve the security of my Magento online store. The following are some of the best practices to follow:
  • At first, Every 90 days, change and update your Magento admin password.

Go to Admin > Configuration > Advanced > Admin > Expand Security and set “Set the Password Lifetime to 90 days and Password Change to Forced”.

  • Furthermore, Disable or remove any admin users that are no longer needed.
  • After working with any outside members, keep upgrading your password.
  • Moreover, Remove any extensions that are no longer in use.
  • Use only dedicated servers. If you use any shared servers, you are vulnerable to security breaches.
  • Last but not least, Make sure that you always take backups of the database and your online website.

Installing Magento Patches

Magento has a vast user base, so to make things easier, Magento alerts its users when they release a update or version.

Following the methods below, downloading and installing the CE patches into the system from Magento’s official site:

Step 1: Firsly, Login to your account through Magento & Patches download.

Step 2: Afterward, Click on My account, and if you don’t already have one, make one by registration—the registration process is completely free.

Step3: Choose your patch that you want to install under Magento CE Patches.

Step 4: Then, You can select your preferred CE version from the drop-down menu next to the Patch list. Then press the Download button.

Step 5: Finally, After the download is complete, the installation process can start.

Installing Magento Security Patches

There are 2 different methods to install Magento Security Patches:

  • Using the command line 
  • Using Composer 

The Command Line 

  1. Use FTP, SFTP, SSH or your normal transport method to upload the local file into the <Magento_root> on the server 
  2. Log in to the server as the Magento admin user to verify that the file is located in the correct directory. 
  3. In the command-line interface, run the following commands according to the patch extension: 
patch < patch_file_name.patch 

The command that assumes the file to be patched is located relative to the patch file.

Even though the patch appears to be correct, if you see “File to patch” in the command line, you should be aware that it cannot locate the intended file. The command line terminal will display a box including the file to be patched in the first line. Copy the file patch and paste it into the “File to patch.”

4. For reflecting the changes, refresh the cache in the Admin under System > Tools > Cache Management.

Composer 

It’s critical to thoroughly test any custom patch before deploying it using Composer to apply Magento 2 security patches. After you’ve performed this step and found no issues with your coding, you’ll need to apply a custom patch by following these instructions.

  1. Open your command line application and access your project directory.
  2. Add the cweagans/composer-patches module to the composer.json file.
composer require cweagans/composer-patches 

3. Edit the composer.json file and add the following section to identify:

  • Module: “magento/module-payment”
  • Title: “MAGETWO-56934: Checkout page freezes when ordering with Authorize.net with invalid credit card”
  • Path to patch: “patches/composer/github-issue-6474.diff”

For example:

  "extra": {
      "composer-exit-on-patch-failure": true,
      "patches": {
          "magento/module-payment": {
              "MAGETWO-56934: Checkout page freezes when ordering with Authorize.net with invalid credit card": "patches/composer/github-issue-6474.diff"
          }
      }
  }

If a patch has an effect on multiple modules, you need to create several patch files targeting different modules.

Step 4: Apply the patch. Use the -v option only if you want to see information about debugging.

composer -v install 

Step 5: Update the composer.lock file. The lock file records which patches have been applied to each Composer package in an object.

composer update --lock 

Conclusion

Installing Magento security patches is a bit complicated. However, you can still complete the installation with the detailed instructions that we give above.

Besides, if you do not have enough time to perform the installation, let ArrowHitech help you. We are always ready to assist you in installing Magento.

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