Tech stack: what is it and how to choose it for building your web application

In recent years, it’s a must to choose the right tech stack that can build a lot of benefits for your store. Why? Because the product creation doesn’t only imply making an outstanding user interface design and ensuring high usability. It is also about delivering a stable solution that works as intended and adds value to users. In other words, it’s about designing a stable, secure, and maintainable product.

Tech stack definition and usage
Tech stack definition and usage

While you can be occupied with multiple issues, from preparing a software requirements document, thinking through a marketing strategy, and other important tasks, engineers are generally responsible for choosing the technology stack. So now, we – ArrowHiTech would like to show you guys tech stack definition and how to choose it for building your store’s web application. Let’s go!

Tech stack definition

A technology stack, also called a solutions stack, technology infrastructure, or a data ecosystem, etc, is a list of all the technology services used to build and run one single application. The social site Facebook, for example, is composed of a combination of coding frameworks and languages including JavaScript, HTML, CSS, PHP, and ReactJS. This is Facebook’s ‘tech stack.’ 

That is all about tech stack definition. Are you clear about it? If YES, then move to the next part Analyze a tech stack

Analyze a tech stack

A tech stack includes front-end (client’s side of the app) and back-end (the server and web technology behind the product) components. Each one has its own characteristics, so let’s find out now:

#1. Front-end

The front-end is about what clients see while interacting with your product. The web app is run in browsers and needs HTML, JavaScript and CSS to be displayed properly. HTML is a programming language for structuring web page information. CSS is used to describe what the HTML pages should look like on the screen. JavaScript is used to design dynamic content and interactive elements. 

#2. Back-end

The back-end is about everything else that is running in the background that users don’t see. The back-end side can be split into a server, app server, and database parts. So how does it work? Once the user has provided a web app with data, the request is sent to the browser. Then, an app server processes the request for a tech stack and comes up with the response that should be shown on the user’s screen.

#3. Databases

A database is organized data storage for various files your web app may need. Some databases are more suitable for commercial information, while others are better for media file management, healthcare files, IoT data, or geo-location. All in all, your store will need this component in your tech stack sequences.

#4. APIs

API (application programming interfaces) is a technology that makes it possible for front-end and back-end web app sides to stay connected. Your web app can interact with several APIs at the same time when using a tech stack.

#5. Server architecture

Developers may choose server architecture taking into account its scalability, performance, reliability, etc. Server architecture, which is a software environment, has integration and continuous deployment are going on, and reverse proxies appear. Nginx, Apache, and IBM WebSphere Application Servers are some of the most popular servers for tech stack.

How to choose a tech stack for building your web application?

How to choose a tech stack for your application?
How to choose a tech stack for your application?

There are many factors that affect the choice of technologies for web app development. So when deciding what to develop an Internet of Things solution that comprises sensors for collecting data and a web system for analyzing its to use for building your own tech stack, pay attention to the things that are mentioned below:

#1. Business needs

Before creating a web application, define your business needs. For instance, if your product is supposed to have a large audience, it has to be able to handle high loads processing numerous requests per second and vice versa. Here we recommend choosing programming languages like Python, Go, and TypeScript as they help reach this goal easier.

#2. Project type for choosing a tech stack

Project type directly impacts the choice of the web technology stack. Modern online stores often provide personalized recommendations to engage customers and boost sales. This feature can be implemented using Python. So, in order to develop an Internet of Things solution that comprises sensors for collecting data and a web system for analyzing it, or if you need to create Ethereum smart contracts, Solidity is exactly for this purpose.

#3. Budget

The choice of tech stack also directly affects the budget. Specialists that know complex and innovative technologies are more expensive compared to others. In other words, project complexity always impacts the process of team assembling. Therefore, the end price is also affected. If there are some challenging tasks, an IT service vendor engages senior software engineers, which can be costly.

#4. Ease of testing

As always, an app will contain thousands of code lines, so errors are inevitable. So, constant testing and bug fixing is an important development stage that requires time and effort. So, pick a tech stack that is easier to test. TypeScript and Python, for example, offer better code readability and focus on simplicity, which makes them more testable.

#5. Security in tech stack

Today, enterprises especially focus on establishing digital trust. If your company operates with large amounts of data, you will need a safe place for storing it. Furthermore, it’s important to ensure secure information exchange and management. Moreover, if your product is supposed to have customers from Europe, it has to comply with the GDPR. As a result, you should choose a tech stack that can improve your security.

Final words

That should be it! Here is the Tech stack definition, as well as how to choose it for building your web application. All in all, when choosing the technology stack for your web application, don’t rely only on trending technologies. What is popular now, won’t necessarily be popular tomorrow. Instead, you should delegate your project to a custom web app development company and make sure the team understands your business needs.

In case you are still confused about Tech stack definition or how to choose it for building your web application. Hence, let’s access us at CONTACT FORM

ArrowHiTech will make you satisfied by providing the best services for your business.