Technology stack for mobile application: The different types and how to select the best one for your app

In fact, a mobile application is good only when it meets the requirements, preferences and attracts the user’s attention. More importantly, it must have the ability to deliver excellent work rapidly, with a high level of security and an appealing interface. Thus, this is the reason why you  need to choose a wonderful technology stack for mobile application to solve every issue. Once you select the right Technology stack, you can reduce resources, save time and come up with many new prospects on developing your apps in the future. For these reasons, in this blog, ArrowHiTech will give you a comprehensive overview of Technology stack for mobile application and instruct you step-by-step to choose the most suitable one. Explore with us now!

What does Mobile Development Stack mean? 

When it comes to mobile development stack, it refers to the set of programming languages, platforms, frameworks, tools, UX/UI software, and so on needed to create a working mobile app. Besides, it covers the components as follows:

  • Frontend technologies

First and foremost is Frontend technologies that are utilized to create the user interface that interacts with them.

Frontend vs Backend
  • Back-end

Back-end mentions necessary tools, software and data access layers that are linked to databases, scripting, website architecture, and server-side development in general.

  • Development

A centralized platform that includes all of the necessary libraries and interfaces for creating the app.

  • Supporting

Come with a lot of tools and technologies with the main goal of ensuring security, good functionality, and long-term development. 

What types of Technology stack for mobile applications? 

Technology Stack for iOS apps

Now, we will dig down further information of Technology Stack for iOS apps by delivering you an example of a real iOS development environment. 

#1. Programming languages

For iOS app development, there are two major languages that are often utilized. Specifically, they are Objective-C and Swift, respectively. 

The first term is Objective-C, which is a famous Apple-supported programming language for creating iOS apps. For more details, it has the ability to be object-oriented and has a dynamic runtime environment. However, it’s not really preferred by engineers due to its complexity. And, in particular, up to 68% of objective-C developers surveyed say that they are not interested in sticking with this language long term, according to a Stack Overflow poll. 

On the second hand, Swift is a new programming language without string identifiers, hence there are fewer errors. Moreover, there’s a lot less code to write here, and it’s a lot easier to comprehend, change, and debug. Best of all, thanks to its speed, readability and simplicity, Swift has become one of the most preferred programming languages. 

technology stack for iOS mobile application

#2. Development tools

  • Xcode 

Xcode IDE is a popular development tool that was created by Apple that provides access to all of the main capabilities needed to create a native iOS mobile app. From this tool, developers will have access to all of the features they need for user interface design, coding, and testing.

  • Appcode 

The other one is named Appcode, an open-source alternative to XCode that was created by a third party. Besides, AppCode allows for the development of iOS mobile apps with a versatile configuration system that ensures maximum productivity. 

#3. UI Frameworks

When it comes to UI frameworks to build user interfaces on iOS, developers should be familiar with UIKit and SwiftUI. We will go through the details one by one.

  • UIKit 

The UIKit framework provides the foundation for creating and managing graphical components in iOS apps.

  • SwiftUI

In general, SwiftUI and UIKit have many similarities and especially, they can interact well with each other. However, because of being launched later, SwiftU only works with the most recent versions of iOS. What’s more, you can risk locking off consumers using older versions of iOS if you utilize this framework.

Technology Stack for Android apps

#1. Programming languages

  • Java

The first programming language you should know to build Android apps successfully is Java. In fact, Java is the most widely used programming language for Android applications. Because it is based on Android APIs and a large number of built-in Java libraries, it is one of the finest solutions for developing Android applications. As a result, Java aids in the development of applications for the aforementioned operating system in a timely and efficient manner.

  • Kotlin

Rated higher than Java, Kotlin is a lightweight and less verbose programming language than the other. In reality, it is not an academic language developed for specific objectives in the scientific community yet primarily for the development of Android applications by developers. Best of all, it is fully compatible with the Java Virtual Machine. Therefore, it allows you to construct the project with the help of both frameworks. 

technology stack for Android mobile application

#2. Development tools

In case you are seeking development tools for building Android apps, Android Studio and Android Developer Tools (also known as ADT) are ideal choices.  

  • Android Studio

Being an official development platform of Google, Android Studio includes code editing and debugging capabilities, as well as a user-friendly, intuitive interface and all of the tools needed to develop high-quality apps. Not only that, a wide range of graphic layouts and drag-and-drop features are integrated in this tool.

  • Android Developer Tools

The second tool in this topic is ADT, this advanced tool offers developer-specific code and test automation support, a graphical UI builder. Plus, it also provides other unique capabilities in addition to the standard coding and debugging tools. Overall, in order to create high-quality programs in a sophisticated, integrated environment, ADT is considered as one of the most reliable and well-supported platforms. 

#3. UI Frameworks

  • Android UI

In terms of UI Frameworks of Android, the first one is pre-installed Android UI software. Thanks to it, programmers can create user interfaces with ease. 

technology stack for mobile application UI frameworks Android
  • Jetpack Compose

Another current UI tool for creating a native Android user interface is Jetpack Compose. Besides, it makes UI development easier and faster. In addition, this framework introduces powerful tools and intuitive Kotlin APIs while requiring less code.

Technology Stack for Cross-Platform Apps

In case you are looking for a solution for a new project that wants to support both Android and iOS, Cross-platform app development is the greatest option. Simply speaking, this method ensures that the two major operating systems have the same interface and user experience. A single development team and a single set of code will bring the app as close to a single UI and UX format as possible across all platforms. Furthermore, developers can use a single code base for both operating systems with this method of app development. In the following section, we will introduce you to some common pertinent stacks.

#1. Flutter

The first pertinent stack you need to know is Flutter, which is a cross-platform development tool powered by Google. Being built based on the Dart programming language, Flutter provides smooth and rapid performance thanks to its built-in widgets. However, this tool is quite new and may lack some essential features.

>>> Read more: Flutter: Comprehensive guide for the beginner to start the first Flutter application

#2. React Native

Coming to the second technology stack for mobile application cross-platform named React Native. For more details, React Native is one of the most popular mobile app development frameworks based on JavaScript or TypeScript. Besides, this tool makes use of the same UI building pieces as Android and iOS. Moreover, it has a simple interface along with a lot of capability, quick and easy mistake detection. 

technology stack for mobile application

#3. Xamarin

Xamarin is a common technology stack that is accomplished with the C# language. Direct access to both operating systems’ native APIs as well as the usage of an open-source and comprehensive toolkit are allowed in this framework. However, as not similar to the others, Xamarin provides limited free functionality and certain paid-for features. 

Technology Stack for Hybrid App Development

Hybrid app development is a popular method for creating HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript-based applications. These programs perform in a way that is between conventional apps and rendered-in-browser web pages. Stacks like Cordova/ PhoneGap and Ionic are commonly used for this type of development. Then, you should take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of each option.

#1. Cordova/PhoneGap

To put it plainly, Cordova/PhoneGap is an open-source framework that allows HTML and JS-based apps to work with hardware capabilities such as accelerometers, GPS, speakers, and other devices. Besides, Cordova is also supported by a very powerful server-side, which implies that Cordova-based mobile apps run faster. Alternatively, it gives its users access to full mobile device features through a plugin system that bypasses the browser’s constraints. 

PhoneGap vs Cordova

#2. Ionic

Ionic is a great tool for creating hybrid mobile apps that use web technologies like CSS and HTML5. Besides, it is a fantastic platform for designing largely interactive apps, with a variety of features and services. What’s more, Ionic includes a large library of components and utilities that are mobile-friendly. Because of its cross-platform capabilities, developers will save a lot of time in developing apps.  

How to select the best Technology stack for mobile application? 

As soon as you have a better idea of possible mobile development technologies, their features, and benefits, this is the right time for you to figure out the best Technology stack for mobile application. While deciding on it, you must first define the project’s aims and vital elements. This will aid your development team in creating the greatest product that meets all of the requirements. 

#1. General app needs

In the market, there are a variety of apps available that cover a wide range of topics and requirements. Hence, you should concretize all objectives in order to select the appropriate target platform. Plus, determine the major characteristics of the future app while developing the overall app concept.

#2. Determine the goal of your upcoming app

In fact, setting mobile app goals is critical when deciding on the optimal tech stack for mobile app development. When a high-latency app is compared to a low-latency app, the technology stack can differ. When compared to apps with streamlined and accurate interactions, if the program requires substantial load processing, this indicates a better and stronger tech stack.

how to choose the best technology stack for mobile application

#3. Choose the best platform for your mobile application

The next step you should focus on is selecting the right platform. When developing a new product, it’s important to consider things like functionality, user demographics. Also, what critical expectations and needs should be addressed will also impact your platform choice decision.

#4. Decide your type of the future project

Firstly, if you understand the primary benefits of hybrid, native, and web apps, you can choose the best type to meet your needs. Alternatively, choosing the right project type can improve the user experience and contribute to a lot of success for the product, depending on the industry in which the app will be utilized.

#5. Consider your budget and timelines for Technology stack for mobile application

In fact, functions have a big impact on the project’s kind, cost, and time to completion. Thus, you need to consider all of the needs and eliminate any unnecessary features. Because this will expedite program creation and cut down on wasteful spending. 

select the best technology stack for mobile application

#6. Pay attention to Data safety and general security

Everyone wishes their information is secure, and even the tiniest data breach can erode a user’s trust and, as a result, harm a company’s brand. This is why selecting the finest tech stack is such an important factor in ensuring the product’s success. 

>>> Maybe you interested: The perfect tech stack for startups in 2021

To sum up with Technology stack for mobile application

All in all, Technology stack for mobile application comes in different types with the help of many Programming languages, tools as well as UI Frameworks for you to work. Besides, although we have guided how to choose the Technology stack above, in reality, choosing the best and most suitable one is not quite easy. Hence, in order to satisfy your requirement, then achieve better outcomes quickly, you can ask ArrowHiTech’s leading experts for help. So, let’s CONTACT US instantly.

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